In just four short days she and over a thousand of her passengers would be gone forever. The next three days of the voyage were quite enjoyable by any standard. The weather was beautiful each day, and men and women often elected to lounge in deck chairs or take strolls on the promenade deck to take in the fresh air. When they tired of this, they often ventured inside to play cards in their cabins or converse in the lounge. First and second class passengers also had access to a heated salt water swimming pool the first of its kind ever to go to sea , which they could use at an appointed time.
The more athletic passengers made use of the Gymnasium, which was fully equipped with a state-of-the-art electric camel and rowing machine. However, by far the grandest past time was dinner, served at p. Passengers dressed in their finest clothes each night so they could dazzle their friends and colleagues. Men wore their newest tuxedos, while women donned their most exquisite dinner gown coupled with a diamond tiara or emerald necklace. By Saturday April 13th, passengers had settled into a steady daily routine of rest and relaxation. None of them expected that they would be participants in the most tragic event in maritime history.
Sunday April 14, dawned sunny and clear.
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There was not a ripple on the ocean except for the massive wake created by the majestic Titanic , which was tearing through the waves at her fastest speed yet. Ever since noon on Saturday, Titanic had been gradually increasing speed, until by Sunday morning she was gliding through the waves at an impressive The ship not only teemed with life, but seemed to be alive herself as she cut through the picturesque waters of the North Atlantic.
The heads of department and Captain Smith must have struck a strange sight to the passengers as they wandered the vessel from bow to stern scrutinizing every inch of the ship.
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As it was Sunday, both passengers and crew also prepared to attend religious services. When he arrived in England in February , Marconi hardly knew anyone in the scientific community.
On a Sea of Glass: The Life and Loss of the RMS Titanic
However, his influential relatives in England helped Marconi establish himself in the scientific community, so that by June of that same year, he was ready to file for his very first patent. However, Marconi was never satisfied with his inventions, and over the next few years, he worked long and hard to improve his signal apparatus.
It was his second and most important patent, granted in , British patent no. He successfully installed his devices on both sides of the Atlantic in December of , and then sent his first signal at sea, aboard the S. Philadelphia, in It was this signal, sent in the middle of the Atlantic, that got the attention of the great transatlantic companies; including the White Star Line. It also allowed for passengers to maintain contact with family and friends on shore. That way they could better coordinate arrival and pickup times. However, the most important benefit of installing wireless apparatuses on ocean liners was their contribution to safety.
By , White Star Line had installed wireless sets on all of its liners, and as a result, transatlantic travel had never been safer. However effective the wireless apparatus may have been at sea, there were serious flaws in its regulation. For example, there were no laws dictating when a wireless operator aboard a vessel should relay messages to his captain nor was there any law dictating just how long an operator had to work at his machine. However, these were trivial concerns to the great transatlantic companies whose mighty liners dominated the waves of the Atlantic Ocean.
Surely, they thought, no great disaster could ever befall one of their vessels.
Oh, how wrong they were! The two men knew that they were in for a cold night. Elsewhere, the passengers were having a delightful time. The men and women in the first class dinning room had never looked more resplendent than now. The cold weather gave them the opportunity to dress in their heaviest suits and gowns covered, undoubtedly, with heavy overcoats and furs. In second class, a group of faithful passengers had an impromptu hymn concert in the second class dining room at p. In the ever lively third class, the passengers gathered in the general room where they were regaled by wonderful Irish folk songs.
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But the situation on the bridge had changed considerably. Officer Lightholler, still on watch, had noted that the temperature was now just one degree above freezing, and he was becoming increasingly uneasy about the possible presence of ice. A little before p. He and Lightholler agreed that it had grown bitterly cold and that the ocean was unusually calm. Captain Smith told Lightholler that if conditions changed, even slightly, to alert him immediately.
At p. Most passengers finally decided to retire at about p. However, there were still a few stragglers finishing card games in the smoking room or braving the weather on the promenade deck. Meanwhile on the bridge, Officers Murdoch and Moody were freezing in the cold night air, but they remained as vigilant as ever in their watch.
It had been an exceptionally quiet night, and the two men were undoubtedly looking forward to returning to their warm bunks at the end of their watch. However, at p. What followed was perhaps the most tense thirty-seven seconds of his life, as he waited for Titanic to respond to his orders. Slowly but surely, she began to turn around the approaching iceberg, and at first it seemed that she might miss it entirely.
But this was not so; it was too late. Titanic collided with the iceberg, scraping along its side, and breaking chunks of ice free, that then fell onto the deck. Then the iceberg passed quietly into the darkness.
The whole incident lasted just a minute, but Titanic had suffered a fatal blow. Captain Smith appeared on the bridge in a matter of seconds after the iceberg passed, having been awakened by the impact of the collision. Murdoch what was that? I hard a-starboard and reversed the engines, and I was going to hard a-port around it, but she was just too close. In his mind the situation was not quite desperate yet, after all he did not yet know the full extent of the damage.
He sent Officer Boxhall on a tour of the forward section of the ship. When Andrews arrived on the bridge, Captain Smith quickly told him what had happened, and the two men embarked on a tour of the vessel together. As the two men made their way back to the bridge, they passed through the first class entrance on A-deck where a group of concerned passengers had gathered, some in their nightclothes others in their suits and gowns, to inquire about what had happened. As the Captain and Andrews passed, the passengers tried to read their faces for any sign of how they felt, but neither man showed any sign of distress.
However, deep down they both knew by then that Titanic was seriously damaged. When the two men rejoined the officers on the bridge, Andrews calmly laid out his findings. Water was flooding into the ship at a rapid rate.
Cargo holds one and two had been compromised, along with the mail room and boiler rooms five and six. Andrews estimated that a gash three hundred feet long was pouring water into Titanic , flooding five of her sixteen watertight compartments. As the weight of the water dragged Titanic down, seawater would flood into one compartment and then the next and then the next.
There was no stopping it. Titanic would sink; it was a mathematical certainty. Captain Smith knew that the situation was serious, but he never imagined that Titanic would sink. Now he was being told that it was a mathematical certainty. He asked Andrews how much time Titanic had left.
Andrews told him he had an hour, maybe an hour and a half, but no more than that. Smith turned to his chief Officer Wilde and ordered him to begin uncovering the lifeboats, just sixteen boats and four collapsible rafts for the 2, souls on board.
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As his officers rushed off to attend to their assignments, Captain Smith walked to the wireless room, to consult with the two men who were, perhaps, his last hope. He briskly informed them that Titanic had struck an iceberg, and that they should be ready to send out a distress signal when he gave the order.
ghkdg.co.vu/map15.php It was time for the wireless apparatus to play its most important role: savior. He and Bride would continue sending distress signals until near the bitter end. Elsewhere, the crew began rousing the passengers. In first and second class, stewards and stewardesses politely knocked on cabin doors, and then told the passengers to put their lifebelts on and proceed to the boat deck.